Family life in the eighteenth century
In the 17th century, marriage, children, the economic environment and social status are closely related. Most of the families are well-known British writers Daniel Defoe called "middle class" or middle class, who did not exist before the 18th century. Before the sixteenth century, people were rich, privileged, and poor, without anyone. The rise of the middle class began in the 18th century and the impact on the family was great
Women and men of the upper classes did not marry for love. Instead, they marry in strict accordance with financial and social reasons. Women who want to live in affluent families do not marry men in the middle and lower classes at all. A self-esteem gentleman did not even consider a woman married to a poor family. She can not have the social grace and dowry to marry such a society. In addition, there are rumors that why a wealthy young man would marry for such a bad way girl. Maybe he "get her in a family way" and tend to lean on her right hand?
On the other hand, the middle class can marry any people they like. It is unwise for a middle-class woman to marry a poor because her child will be poor, but if her happiness depends on it, her family will not be able to intervene. The middle class does not have to marry for social status or wealth.
However, the idea of the middle class is still a privilege. Until the 18th century childhood, like the middle class, does not exist. The lower classes are trying to make a living, and the children are going to work with them. The school is a privileged only for the upper class. And into the 18th century childhood for the lower class is still does not exist.
The industrial revolution in the eighteenth century society formed an incredible change. In the agricultural machinery, clothing, toys and other new factories to produce the vast majority of people are in the lower class. Not surprisingly, the wages of lower-class children in these factories are much lower than their parents' meager wages. The children work hard like their parents, often carrying a lot of material at the factory's factory conditions or sitting on industrial machines for hours. At that time there was a "sweatshop", then it would indeed describe the factories of these lower family labor.
However, the upper middle class did not enter the factory. Middle class children are in school for the first time in history. Only the peasants' children spent a lot of time in the summer and fall to leave the school to help sow and harvest the crops.
The main family figure is the father. Whether to decide whether his wife can work outside his home, or whether his children are going to school. He owns all the family property and money. Divorce is very rare because women who leave their husbands have no means of subsistence. Mothers usually stay at home, keep the stove, and produce several children. Their job is not easy. Mother cleaning the house, hand-made clothes for the family, cooked, miss the children, to the garden in general try to spend her husband. Women's social status is far below the status of men, and they rarely question her husband's decision.
In the 18th century, many middle-class families were very content. The industrial revolution has inspired new technologies to make life easier. Marriage is usually harmonious, the children are kind, the faith of God is very important. The inherent advantages of the people for the family to provide a solid pillar, creating a civilized society, the family flourished.