As long as there are companies and money, there is stock. What are they? Well, they are on behalf of the company ownership of things, if you have a stock, say a major beverage company, then you have the company a little bit (or a lot, depending on their number). This means that you can help to elect members of the board and vote for the company policy because you are the owner
Companies that can provide stock must be listed companies, which means that anyone has money and knows how to buy stocks , But not just any company can immediately reach the world market, because there is a process, of course, there are many list requirements must be met. Having said that, there is a way for smaller companies to trade stocks, and transactions are "over-prescription", which is what happens when the stock is not open (the company is not on the official stock exchange) where there is stock buying, selling and trading.
The first sale of shares by the Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602. Today there are thousands of their exchange, the largest of which are part of the New York Stock Exchange or Nasdaq. Of course there are other major trading centers in the world, most notably the London Stock Exchange and the Japan Stock Exchange
stocks generally outperform the bonds, although they are all considered securities, but they have their own advantages And weaknesses. Bonds are something you buy for a long time and may last up to fifty years, but stock exchanges have time, sometimes many times a day. Its idea is to buy when their price is low and then sell when the price is high. ]
One of their shortcomings is that if the company issuing their bankruptcy, you will have to wait for any reimbursement. Corporate creditors for the first time in any amount of bankruptcy, as a shareholder, you are far behind
like any investment, there are ups and downs as a company shareholders related to the pros and cons. Some people will keep the shares for hours, while others will hold them for years, all of which you want to achieve in the long run